Replacing Bee's 6v Batteries

October 2014: Sunny Sunday morning, could be the last for a while, so get the paper in Bee. Went to restart and just a clonk from the starter, then apparently dead. I say apparently, as when I opened the door the courtesy light came on at about half-brilliance. "One battery dead" I said to myself. Took the cover off and tapped a spanner across the posts of both batteries - spark from one, nothing from the other, diagnosis confirmed. Still, 13 years of service is pretty good, and sudden failure like this is unusual given I've not had any problems starting before this. Having said that these are Lucas batteries, and in the 70s I bought a new Marina with a Lucas 'Pacemaker' (I kid you not) battery and that also failed suddenly and completely with no prior warning.

Called daughter who lives about a mile away on the off-chance she might be up and about, she was, so she picked me up and took me back home where I took the battery out of the ZS and collected the jump-leads from Vee. Back to the roadster, balanced the battery on the shelf between the two holes and connected the jump leads. With a bit of wiggling of the connectors (these are cheapo leads with aluminium conductors and crimped clips) Bee fired up, so we got back home.

I've been pondering getting new seat covers for Bee from Leacy as they were the best quality I'd seen, so rang them with a view to popping over and picking up a couple of batteries and the covers. No covers, only ordered on request which didn't surprise me due to the low turn-over, but no idea how long they would take. Also no batteries, waiting for stock, no idea about a delivery date. I didn't want Bee off the road any longer than I had to so I would have to consider somewhere else for the batteries. Leacy gave me the number of B J Banning just down the road from them. They do normally stock them which for a conventional tyre and battery place was quite surprising, but only had one in stock. They said they could order me two for a couple of days time. They are very high capacity at 80AH and 600CA which is getting on for double the power of the originals, but I obviously don't need that capacity, and they are 90 each so expensive as well. MGOC and Moss are mail order, with an additional charge for the acid packs, which is going to be about 80 before P&P. So opted for Battery Megastore with a more conventional 57AH, at 73 including the acid, and free delivery next day which is a good deal. These batteries have exposed cell links, so care needs to be taken with spannering both clamps on both batteries, even if the earth lead is left until last, as per the first set I had. Other suppliers may have the more modern single fill, covered links design, as per my previous batteries.

Two identical boxes duly arrived, opened the first to find both batteries in it, and for a moment I thought they had sent me four! But the second box contained the acid. Eight packs which rather surprised me, as I was only expecting six i.e. one per cell. Big notice on the box lid saying "READ DIRECTIONS ON BOTTLE CAREFULLY BEFORE ACTIVATING BATTERY":

Took the acid bottle out of the box, and one side had a label giving dire warnings about the hazards and what do in the event of contact with eyes, skin or swallowing it (!), and the statement "Filling Method. When filling, be sure to read instructions for Handling Electrolyte on reverse side:

And what is on the reverse side? Nothing!

There is a screw cap on the container, and a sealed spigot, and a red plastic tube. Now given the rectangular shape of the container there is no way you are going to pour the electrolyte from that into each cell, unless you use a suitable funnel which I don't have. The red tube looks like it might be intended to fit over the spigot once the top is cut off, but it seems too small.

So ring Battery Megastore and say there are no instructions, to be told that one does have to cut the end off the spigot, fit the tube, and pour in that way. You need to cut as high as you can, but below a circumferential 'rib' where the end of the spigot has been plugged, but not so low that you don't leave enough spigot left to fit the red tube such that it stays on while you are pouring. The spigot takes some cutting as the walls are pretty thick, and you have to be really careful the container is held securely so it doesn't tip over. Fortunately there is a large air space above the acid, so little chance of squeezing the container with enough to force electrolyte out of the cut spigot. However with shipping some electrolyte has got into the spigot, so I get droplets scattered about each time I cut one of the tops off. Given the thickness of the walls of the spigot, the hole in the middle is pretty small.

Now comes time to force the tube over the spigot, which takes some doing. It has to be on far enough such that it doesn't slip off, but the spigot becomes wider further down, which is why you need to leave it as long as you can, but cut below the rib which would make it even harder to get the tube on.

The next thing is to wonder if the cap has to be unscrewed to let air in while acid is coming out - it does contain instructions on how to do so. That seems risky, with a large quantity of acid likely to pour out if you tip it up too much while concentrating on keeping the tube in the filler hole. But without it removed only a tiny trickle of acid comes out - I could be here for some time. I also ponder propping the container up and leaving it to dribble out at its own rate - but that would have been a Bad Idea as will be seen later. In the end I opt to leave the cap on, and apply pressure to the sides of the container to force electrolyte out a little faster, but not so much pressure that my hands start shaking and electrolyte starts going everywhere.

Squeezing with periodic releasing to allow the container to suck air back in (it takes a second or so each time), I realise the level is getting near the top of the separators in the first cell, but there is still loads left in the first container! Quite a bit of fizzing from the electrolyte when it reaches the top, so I leave that and move onto the next as I can't clearly see the level and it might drop anyway as it filters into all the nooks and crannies of plates and separators. I leave it to stand for an hour or so, then top up to just above the separators. I note that the case is now slightly warm to the touch - not noticed that before (last time - possibly MGOC - the bottles were 'bottle' shaped with just a screw cap and easy to pour into each cell, also each cell needed one bottle). Eventually it only takes two packs to fill three cells, hence the Bad Idea of leaving the container to dribble electrolyte into the cell unattended. Fill the second battery the same way, so I have four left over!

Then comes fitting. These batteries have a deeper recess under the rim on the short sides making it easy to pick them up to lower them into the cradles. The old batteries have a narrow recess meaning you are lifting them with just the tips of your fingers, hence liable to slip. But once in the cradles, I realise they aren't sitting correctly on the rubber pads at the bottom of the cradle. There should be two of these (AHH 6351) per battery, going across the cradle at the front and the rear (Image from Brown & Gammons.

So I compare the cases of the old and new batteries and find they are quite different. The old batteries are 160mm x 150mm at the base, with vertical ribs down the sides that stop an inch or so short of the base. The new batteries are 170mm x 160mm i.e. a full centimetre bigger in both dimensions, with large ribs on each corner that run right down to the base. There is only 165mm available between the raised edges of the pads. The base of the new battery is too big to sit on the main part of the pads, and is sitting on the raised edges instead. New battery on the left, old on the right, with the rear edges aligned.

I try turning the batteries through 90 degrees, but the more secure finger-holds under the deeper recess at the top cannot now be used as there is not enough room for fingers fore and aft in the battery holes, so I have to use the narrower recess on the other two sides. And although they then sit correctly on the pads and I can attach all the cables, it puts the nuts on some of the clamps very close to the inter-cell links, which I'm not happy about. In the end I decide to slice a couple of mm off the raised edges of the pads, which, given that the corner ribs on the new batteries curve under as they reach the base, gives just enough room for them to sit properly the right way round.

The posts have blue and red discs on them, as well as '+' markings on the positive post. Some are loose but others not, and when I fit the clamps over the post some of them don't seem to fit down quite so far as I expect. I don't know whether the discs are supposed to be removed before fitting the clamps, but as it's only marginal I leave them on.

After that it is just a matter of refitting the battery clamps, then attaching the cables. A quick test crank gives a decent speed, and when the weather is clement I give her a run round the block to settle things, recheck the electrolyte levels, and do some voltage tests to check the charging is OK.

So quite a fiddle with acid and installing, it remains to be seen how they perform over time. The first set I had with the same 'tar top' and exposed links lasted seven years, the last set were more modern-looking with a single fill and concealed links and lasted 13 years i.e. nearly double.