Showing a rod inserted in the drain hole in relation to the grill apertures - 1973 model.
Showing the rod going through the drain hole at the bottom of the heater box (false colour as a result of the flash being very close to the painted body and chrome grill).
Earlier cars had a sort of 'leaf-trap' as seen here on The British Motor Museum Gaydon MGB cut-away. This restricts access to the drain hole somewhat ...
... but it's still just possible. There is an after-market mesh screen that goes under the grille to prevent debris entering in the first place, although since I've only had to do Bee's once in 26 years soon after purchase, and Vee's not at all, I haven't bothered. The grille has to be removed to fit it.
Showing the original spire clip (arrowed) pushed onto the peg of the grille to retain it. These can be tricky to remove except by levering the grille up, which makes them ping into the bottom of the box, although on Vee I was able to lever them down with a small screwdriver through the holes in the grille and capture them on a finger-tip. These have been replaced with plastic sockets which push into the holes from above, then the grille pegs push down into them. Similar sockets are used for badges on the boot lid. Much easier to deal with, but unfortunately it does need a bigger hole as it has to accommodate the socket plus the pin, a bit of a beggar on a freshly repainted body if you didn't open them out before painting. It does also mean that the grille can be removed relatively easily - good if you are doing it, not so much if a tea-leaf is doing it.
'Tom's knob' (arrowed) as seen from below, the hole just above the arrow is for the gearbox dipstick rubber bung (image 'borrowed' from www.vord.net).
Vee's 'knob', the first clear view I've had now the engine is out. Obviously missing the restrictor at the bottom, and cut short, in fact it looks more like a standard piece of hose as the one above seems to be tapered.
The British Motor Museum Gaydon MGB cut-away showing the metal spigot for the drain tube, the double-skin over the transmission tunnel, and the hole in the lower skin the drain tube exits through. If the metal spigot rots away water will tend to lie in the double-skin and eventually rot through to the cabin. If that happens probably the easiest solution is to drill a drain hole at the lowest point, although that will require engine and gearbox removal. It may be possible to repair the bottom of the air-box and the drain tube by removing the demister tube and trim panels behind the console.
The clip attaching "Tom's Knob" to the spigot at the bottom of the air-box on cars with the adjustable footwell vents (up to August 1970), as well as the air direction cable attached to the air flap (picture by Dave O'Neil):
Showing the plastic blanking plug that gives access to the clip securing the drain hose to the bottom of the air-box on cars with the fixed footwell vents (August 1970-on).